He called it piña de Indes , meaning "pine of the Indians", and brought it back with him to Europe, thus making the pineapple the first bromeliad to leave the New World.
Columbus encountered the pineapple in on the leeward island of Guadeloupe. He called it piña de Indes , meaning "pine of the Indians", and brought it back with him to Spain, thus making the pineapple the first bromeliad to be introduced by humans outside of the New World.
The fruit is said to have been first introduced in Hawaii when a Spanish ship brought it there in the s. The pineapple was brought to northern Europe by the Dutch from their colony in Surinam. The first pineapple to be successfully cultivated in Europe, is said to have been grown by Pieter de la Court at Meerburg in Catherine the Great ate pineapples grown on her own estates before her death in They were initially used mainly for display at dinner parties, rather than being eaten, and were used again and again until they began to rot.
John Kidwell is credited with the introduction of the pineapple industry to Hawaii; large-scale pineapple cultivation by US companies began in the early s. Among the most famous and influential pineapple industrialists was James Dole , who moved to Hawaii in  and started a pineapple plantation in Maui Pineapple Company began pineapple cultivation on the island of Maui in Dole ceased its cannery operations in Honolulu in , and in , Del Monte terminated its pineapple-growing operations in Hawaii.
In , world production of pineapples was In commercial farming, flowering can be induced artificially, and the early harvesting of the main fruit can encourage the development of a second crop of smaller fruits. Once removed during cleaning, the top of the pineapple can be planted in soil and a new plant will grow. Slips and suckers are planted commercially. Pineapples can be consumed fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved.
They are found in a wide array of cuisines. In addition to consumption, the pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines, commonly used as the material for the men's barong Tagalog and women's baro't saya formal wear in the country. The fiber is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings. Three-quarters of the pineapples sold in Europe are grown in Costa Rica, where pineapple production is highly industrialised.
The pesticides— organophosphates , organochlorines , and hormone disruptors —have the potential to affect workers' health and can contaminate local drinking water supplies. Many cultivars are known.
Many cultivars have become distributed from its origins in Paraguay and the southern part of Brazil , and later improved stocks were introduced into the Americas, the Azores, Africa, India, Malaysia and Australia.
Pineapple fruits and peels contain diverse phytochemicals , among which are polyphenols , including gallic acid , syringic acid , vanillin , ferulic acid , sinapic acid , coumaric acid , chlorogenic acid , epicatechin , and arbutin.
Pineapples are subject to a variety of diseases, the most serious of which is wilt disease vectored by mealybugs  typically found on the surface of pineapples, but possibly in the closed blossom cups. The causal agents of pink disease are the bacteria Acetobacter aceti , Gluconobacter oxydans , Pantoea citrea. Some pests that commonly affect pineapple plants are scales, thrips , mites, mealybugs, ants, and symphylids. Heart-rot is the most serious disease affecting pineapple plants.
The disease is caused by Phytophthora cinnamoni and P. Since it is difficult to treat, it is advisable to guard against infection by planting resistant cultivars where these are available; all suckers that are required for propagation should be dipped in a fungicide, since the fungus enters through the wounds. Some buyers prefer green fruit, others ripened or off-green.
A plant growth regulator, Ethephon , is typically sprayed onto the fruit one week before harvest, developing ethylene , which turns the fruit golden yellow. After cleaning and slicing, a pineapple is typically canned in sugar syrup with added preservative. A pineapple never becomes any riper than it was when harvested.
The fruit itself is quite perishable  and if it is stored at room temperature, it should be used within two days; however, if it is refrigerated, the time span extends to 5—7 days. The pineapple was first a luxury because transit from the tropics to Europe was expensive in the age of sail.
In this respect, pineapple was much like sugar, a commodity of privilege before it became an item of the masses. In architecture, pineapple figures are a decorative element symbolizing hospitality.
Pineapples have long been associated with the Hawaiian Islands, to the extent that the pineapple is sometimes used as a symbol of Hawaii,  despite the decline of the pineapple industry in that state.
A pineapple being prepared by a roadside vendor in Hainan , China. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Pineapple disambiguation. Commelijn Ananas ananas L.
Ananas bracteatus Baker Ananas coccineus Descourt. Ananas lyman-smithii Camargo nom. Ananas monstrosus Carrière L. Koch Ananas pyramidalis Mill.
Ananassa monstrosa Carrière Ananassa porteana Veitch ex K. Koch Carrière Ananassa sativa Schult. List of countries by pineapple production. List of pineapple diseases. Big Pineapple Pineapple cutter Pineapple tart Vazhakulam pineapple. Retrieved 6 December Morphology, Anatomy, and Taxonomy".
Botany, Production, and Uses. Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on 17 June Archived from the original on Retrieved 23 February Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 4 March Species, Legislation and Mitigation". Species, Legislation and Mitigation. Bats in the Anthropocene: The Rise and Fall of an Industry". Government of Hawaii, Department of Agriculture.
Retrieved 9 December Retrieved 8 May J Food Sci Technol. Essai d'une monographie du genre Ananas", Annales Cient.
Paraguay 2nd series 4 Journal of the Bromeliad Society. The term "pine cone" for the reproductive organ of conifer trees was first recorded in When European explorers discovered this tropical fruit in the Americas, they called them "pineapples" first so referenced in due to resemblance to what is now known as the pine cone.
Other members of the Ananas genus are often called "pine", as well, in other languages. Never believe everything you read on the internet. That list is hand-picked in order to try to prove a point. While it's true that most European languages use some variant of "ananas", it is far from the truth to claim that English is the only one to use "pineapple", or that there is not a lot of variation in the terms that are used.
The Fable of Bees It seems both terms, and to a lesser extent 'anana' might have been current at least in the early part of the 19th century. Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site the association bonus does not count. Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead? Questions Tags Users Badges Unanswered. Why is "pineapple" in English but "ananas" in all other languages?
Clever Masha 1 4 AndrewLeach I'm so sorry that you don't want to think about such interesting things about your language.
It's not that it's not interesting. But it is likely to more on-topic on Linguistics. In Spanish, it's also called piña. The etymology of "pineapple" and a few other words is nicely illustrated at Europe etymology maps.
In Brazilian portuguese, it's not called an ananas, but rather "abacaxi". This is on Linguistics. From Wikipedia , Columbus encountered the pineapple in on the Leeward island of Guadeloupe. NamSandStorm 1 7 The European explorers who discovered pineapples were undoubtedly Spanish or Portuguese, since they are South American in origin. But since they're also called piña in Spanish, this answer is probably close to correct.
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